White Papers

Our collection of white papers, written by our own industry experts and psychometricians, include the latest industry research and best practices.

 

Aligning Curriculum, Assessment, and Instruction

by Michael B. Bunch Ph.D
"A key component of educational achievement test validation is alignment of the test to both curriculum and instruction. By alignment, we mean the degree to which the items of the test, both individually and collectively, match the structure and intent of the curriculum and instruction."


 

It Takes Three

by Michael B. Bunch Ph.D
"Making sure all students are college and career ready requires not only an alignment of curriculum and instruction with college and career requirements but also an approach to monitoring student progress on a continual basis, with in-class formative assessments, frequent interim assessments, and focused summative assessments. Taken together, formative, interim, and summative assessments, aligned to Common Core State Standards (CCSS), will support instructional decision making and enhance daily learning activities.”


 

The Future of Testing

by Michael B. Bunch Ph.D
"Making sure all students are college and career ready requires not only an alignment of curriculum and instruction with college and career requirements but also an approach to monitoring student progress on a continual basis, with in-class formative assessments, frequent interim assessments, and focused summative assessments. Taken together, formative, interim, and summative assessments, aligned to Common Core State Standards (CCSS), will support instructional decision making and enhance daily learning activities."

 

Project Essay Grade (PEG) Current Usage and Research

by Shayne Miel
"With subsequent improvements in PEG and general advances in the reliability of machine scoring, automated essay scoring (AES) has become a valuable, and in some cases, essential, tool in a variety of contexts."

 

The Case for Professional Learning Communities

by Tina B. Clayton
"A Professional Learning Community (PLC) is a small group of professionals who continuously seek cutting-edge ideas and collaboratively evaluate how to best apply the new information to the work. The PLC operates under the assumption that to stay ahead of the competition, an organization must learn faster than the competition and consistently produce exceptional work."